TUBITAK, Turkish Scientific and Technological Research Council, runs a number of international mobility schemes that target both local and foreign researchers. Programmes open for researchers from Spain are (applications should be made by the hosting Turkish institution or scientist):
Research Fellowships for Foreign Citizens: Travel and research grants in the fields of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Technological Sciences, Medical Sciences, Agricultural Sciences, Social Sciences and Humanities are awarded to highly qualified PhD students and young post-doctoral researchers to perform part of their research in Turkey. Maximum living allowance for this fellowship is 2.250 TL per month or approx. 1.000 Euros per month.
PhD Fellowships for Foreign Citizens: Travel and research grants in the fields of Natural Sciences, Engineering and Technological Sciences, Medical Sciences, Agricultural Sciences, Social Sciences and Humanities are awarded to highly qualified students who are intending to complete their PhD studies in Turkey.
Visiting Scientists Fellowship Programme: scientists working at universities or research centers abroad are supported to enable them to visit Turkey through seminars, conferences, lectures, research, and technological innovation.
Global Researcher Programme (EVRENA) where researchers (Turkish and foreign) who reside outside Turkey can participate in national research projects.
COFUND Brain Co-Circulation Scheme, partially supported by the EC-FP7 Marie Curie Actions-People-COFUND and coordinated by BIDEB offers to 100 Turkish and foreign experienced researchers research and employment opportunities in Turkish industry and academia for periods of 20-24 months.
Programmes open to Turkish researchers include:
International Research Fellowship Programme supporting PhD students who are registered in domestic doctoral programmes in basic and applied science to do research abroad.
International Postdoctoral Research Scholarship Programme where scientists who do research in Natural Sciences, Medical Sciences, Social Sciences, Humanities, and Engineering and Technology abroad are supported.
More information on these schemes is available here (look under Scholarships).